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Uno de los paneles que tuve la suerte de moderar en la Conferencia del décimo aniversario de la ESIL en Viena el viernes 5 de septiembre tuvo como tema el derecho internacional y las ciencias humanas: antropología y sociología. Las tres presentaciones fueron excelentes. Emma Nyhan (EUI) presentó un excelente estudio sobre la identificación de los beduinos en Israel como “pueblos indígenas” y sus consecuencias para el derecho internacional e interno. Alessandra Arcuri (Erasmus University Rotterdam) hizo una exposición muy interesante sobre la forma en que se utiliza la ciencia en la Comisión del Codex Alimetarius y cómo la adopción del Acuerdo OMC sobre las barreras técnicas al comercio ha transformado los estándares del Codex en obligatorios. Por último, Jessie Hohmann (Queen Mary University of London) presentó un trabajo fascinante sobre el derecho internacional a través de “objetos”.  En este caso, utilizó el ejemplo del opio, las formas en que se determina su legalidad y las maneras en que ha servido para justificar diversos tipos de intervenciones. El derecho internacional a través de objetos es un proyecto en desarrollo de la Dra. Hohmann y el Dr. Daniel Joyce (UNSW, Australia) que seguramente dará mucho que hablar en el futuro próximo. Espero que estos trabajos se publiquen pronto. Copio el resumen del panel:

Agora: International Law and the Human Sciences: Anthropology and Sociology

Convener: Carlos Esposito (Autónoma University of Madrid)

The last decade has seen anthropologists and sociologists turn their attention to the study of international law and international institutions, mostly in the field of human rights, but increasingly in the areas of international criminal law, international humanitarian law and international investment. The results have been varied, but are sometimes startling and illuminating. Turning international law and international lawyers into objects of sociological and anthropological analysis promises a new lens through which to address some perennial questions about international law: how do global legal norms develop legitimacy? How do they travel between national and international realms? How do international legal institutions socialize global actors and generate structures of social action at the international level? How does the normativity generated by international legal norms in human rights and international criminal law interact with national and local contexts? What forms of social power does it generate, and what kinds of power and knowledge does it marginalize? These are the questions that anthropological and sociological studies of international law can help address. They can also help to better understand the multiple ways in which international law is being transformed in this epoch of ‘Global Law’, a development that systematically challenges many of the key distinctions and categories upon which our concept of international law and its identity are premised. This agora will bring together anthropologists and sociologists whose work centres on the study of international law and international institutions and place them in discussion with international lawyers.

Speakers:
Jessie Hohmann (Queen Mary University of London), ‘The Material Culture of International Law: An Investigation of International Law’s Preoccupations through Objects’
Alessandra Arcuri (Erasmus University Rotterdam) ‘The Sound of Science and the Codex Alimenatarius Commission: Understanding Exclusion, Imaging Inclusion’
Emma Nyhan (European University Institute), ‘The Glocalization of International Law’

Gracias a August Reinisch y Nehal Bhuta por ofrecerme moderar este magnífico panel.

Very interesting! Junior Research Fellowship in International Law and the History of Political Thought at King’s College, University of Cambridge. Here is the information. Good luck!

European Society of International Law Research Forum

Academy of European Law, European University Institute, Florence

14 – 15 May 2015

Call for Papers

The 2015 ESIL Research Forum will take place on 14 and 15 May 2015, at the European University Institute in Florence. With the transition to Annual Conferences, the Society will maintain the Research Forum in a smaller but more intensive format. The Research Forum is re-launched as a scholarly conference which promotes engagement with research in progress by members of the Society. From 2015, it will be convened at least once a year and is organized around a broad The Research Forum targets in particular scholars at an early stage of their careers, especially advanced PhD students and post-doctoral  researchers. All ESIL members are invited to attend the Research Forum as audience members.

Approximately 10-15 papers will be selected from among the submissions, and during the Research Forum paper presenters will receive comments on their papers from members of the ESIL Executive Board and invited experts.

This year, the Research Forum calls for papers addressing the following set of issues in international law:

The Use of Force

Statehood, Secession, the Creation of States

The Legitimacy and Illegitimacy of Governments and States

Territories and Boundaries

We stress that papers which address any dimensions of the call, including through interdisciplinary research and methods, and through historical, theoretical or empirical approaches, will be given serious consideration. We welcome papers that propose to redefine or re-imagine our understanding of the terms of the call and their meaning in the current Abstracts of not more than 750 words should be submitted by interested applicants to ESIL-RF2015@EUI.eu by Monday 1 December 2014. Please include the following information: name, affiliation, email address, and whether you are an ESIL member. Applicants should also send a one-page curriculum vitae with the abstract. Papers should be unpublished at the time of the presentation.

Successful applicants will be notified by email by 15 January 2015. Complete drafts of papers will be required by 15 April 2015. Following review, selected papers will be published in the ESIL SSRN Paper Series.

Successful applicants will be expected to bear the costs of their own travel and accommodation. Partial financial support may be available on a needs basis for a limited number of scholars. Scholars selected to present a paper who have exhausted other potential sources of funds can submit a request to the Selection Committee for financial support with an explanation of why they are in need of assistance.

Once selected, applicants will be informed of several hotels that offer preferential rates to Research Forum participants. Lunch on both days will be provided, and a dinner for presenters, commentators and ESIL Executive Board members will be hosted by the Academy of European Law on the evening of 14 May.

A conference on “The Implementation of the UN Principles on Business and Human Rights in Private International Law” will take place at the Institut Suisse de Droit Comparé, in Dorigni, Lausanne, Switzerland, next 10 October 2014. The conference is organised jointly by the University of Lausanne and the Universitat Jaume I. Here is the information.

La Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo (AECID), en el marco de los Programas de Apoyo a la Presencia de Españoles en Organismos Internacionales, anuncia la selección de candidatos para cubrir 12 plazas de Jóvenes Voluntarios de Naciones Unidas en países en desarrollo. El plazo para presentarse vence el 22 de septiembre de 2014. Aquí está la información. Suerte.

Por si les interesa el tema y están en Madrid, anuncio que, en el marco del Máster en Gobernanza y Derechos Humanos de la Facultad de Derecho de la UAM, mañan a16 de septiembre de 2014, a las 12.00 horas, tendrá lugaren el seminario VII del edificio de Derecho la conferencia “Derechos Económicos Sociales y Culturales y Sistema Interamericano-Una mirada sobre la situación en las Américas y la respuestas por parte de la Comisión Interamericana”, a cargo de Norma A. C. Colledani Toranzo, especialista en derechos humanos de la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos ( Washington DC).

Una de las preguntas del quizz de verano del blog de arbitraje de Kluwer (Kluwer Arbitration Blog) era sobre ejecución de laudos arbitrales. Se trataba de comparar la compensación más grande otorgada jamás en la historia de los arbitrajes de inversión en el caso Yukos contra Rusia (equivalente al coste de los juegos olímpicos de invierno en Sochi) con la obtenida por Franz Sedelmayer contra el mismo país, cuya ejecución llevó más de 10 años y 60 litigios en 80 países. No es fácil imaginar el tiempo y el esfuerzo que puede implicar la ejecución de un laudo como el de Yukos.  Abajo pueden leer la pregunta y la respuesta correcta. 

 

10. In July 2014, the largest arbitration award in history, USD 51 billion, was rendered in the Yukos cases against Russia. With respect to the possibility of collecting such an award, comparisons might be made with Franz Sedelmayer, who once successfully collected a different arbitration award for expropriation against Russia. Sedelmayer says this took over 10 years and required some 60 enforcement cases and litigation in 80 countries.
How large was Sedelmayer’s award compared with Yukos?
A. 16%
B. 6%
C. 0.6%
D. 0.06%
D. 0.00006%

Answer: D. Sedelmayer’s award was for less than $3 million.

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