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Indret va por delante

enero 30, 2015

La revista Indret cuenta ahora con una sección dedicada a publicar trabajos de fin de grado. Me parece una decisión sabia. Muestra la confianza en que los estudiantes de grado pueden hacer trabajos excelentes en un ambiente, las facultades de derecho españolas, donde predomina un prejuicio en contra de este tipo de trabajos. En la Revista Jurídica de la UAM (REJUAM) se ha intentado hacer algo parecido, pero no creo que hayamos tenido éxito con este tipo de trabajos en particular.

En el número 1/15 publican un trabajo de derecho internacional: The attribution of international responsibility to a State for conduct of private individuals within the territory of another State, firmado por Elena Laura Álvarez Ortega y dirigido por el profesor Ángel Rodrigo (UPF). Es un trabajo bien escrito, que expone las teorías de atribución de responsabilidad al Estado por conductas de particulares de forma clara y precisa, y defiende su tesis con argumentos bien fundados. Muy recomendable. Este es el abstract:

The issue of the attribution of international responsibility to States for conduct of a group of individuals within the territory of another State has become a question of control. International jurisprudence has addressed this question by advancing several different control tests that allegedly better resolve the attribution question. The ICJ put forward two control tests in the Nicaragua case, the so-called strict control or agency test and the effective control test. The Appeals Chamber of the ICTY found it unpersuasive and used instead what named the overall control test. Moreover, the ECtHR has developed yet another test: the effective overall control test. These control tests will be set out explaining the different rationales that argue for and against their adoption and it will be seen that they show a tension between the need for what has been called “real accountability” of States and the attribution of responsibility to States only for their own conduct. It will be argued that while accountability is an important purpose, especially when dealing with international humanitarian law, it is necessary to ensure that States are only held responsible for conduct with which there is a sufficient close link so as to be considered its own.