Home

Arcuri: The coproduction of the global regulatory regime for food safety standards and the limits of a technocratic ethos

septiembre 30, 2014

Este artículo de Alessandra Arcuri, publicado como un EUI Working Paper, muestra cómo la regulación de la OMC influyó en la forma de actuar del Codex Alimentarius y supuso un límite para los Estados respecto de los estándares de seguridad alimenticia. El trabajo también revela las formas de creación de los postulados científicos y sostiene que los caminos de la OMC y el Codex Alimentarius tienden a confluir en una misma dirección donde se mezclan la ciencia y los valores democráticos. Muy interesante.

The coproduction of the global regulatory regime for food safety standards and the limits of a technocratic ethos

Alessandra Arcuri

Abstract

Several socio-legal scholars have studied how the Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex) was empowered by the World Trade Organization (WTO) and how, under this transition, its standards became quasi-binding. What has gone less studied is how the WTO has transformed the very modus operandi of Codex. In particular, it has been argued that the WTO has infused Codex with a technocratic ethos. Building on this scholarship, this article investigates the dynamic relationship between the WTO and Codex and the evolving role of expert knowledge in the global regime for food safety standards. The article’s main thesis is that technocracy (as the rule of the knowers) is an unsustainable regulatory paradigm in the field of global food safety standards, as evidenced by the controversial ractopamine case, discussed in the article. The article concludes by arguing that the  global food safety regime is turning towards a paradigm that marries science with democratic values.